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A little background on a volunteer expert respondent:
Ed Saugstad. 
B.S. in Entomology - NDSU, 1963.  M.S. in Entomology - Purdue University, 1967
A life-long interest in natural history. Formally trained in entomology, he also has a personal interest in herpetology and has read widely in many biological fields. 21 years in the U.S. Army as a medical entomologist; duties varied from surveillance of pest populations (including mosquitoes, cockroaches, ticks, and stored products pests) to conducting research on mosquito-virus ecological relationships and mosquito faunal studies. Ten years as a civilian analyst for the Department of Defense, primarily on distribution of vector-borne diseases worldwide.

 He is a member of Entomological Society of America, Society for Vector Ecology & National Speleological Society.

American Journal of Public Health, Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, Journal of Economic Entomology, Mosquito News, and Mosquito Systematics.



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1200  I have a small infestation of these little guys in my bedroom. I believe they were living in my closet which had been closed for a couple years. They seem to have spread out into the bedroom after I opened the closet and cleaned it out for use. They tend to stay in dark spaces, like drawers and under the bed, and there are quite a lot of them...I'm really not to worried about them since they don't seem to mean me any harm, but I'm very interested in what they are.  Katie - Tucson AZ
These look like partially denuded larvae of the black carpet beetle (Attagenus unicolor; Coleoptera: Dermestidae). See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations and  for images of a larva and adult. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1199 Hi - I live in the lower mainland of British Columbia and have been bothered by a small beetle that harms the leaves and fruit of my vinivera grapevines. The beetle is ca. 1 mm in length and has cream coloured wing covers with large randomly distributed dark brown spots. I have only been able to observe the adult, which appears when the leaves first come out in spring but persists right through to fall. They cause scarification of the grape skins and retard their development. They cause localized wilting and whitening of the leaves. I would estimate that they cut my harvest by 75%!  John.
This beetle does not resemble any grape pest that I know of, but it has some resemblance to lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the genus Psyllobora (see   for an example). Unlike most other lady beetles, members of this genus appear to feed primarily on mold spores, such as on downy mildew. BTW, there have been reports of other (and much larger) lady beetles causing damage to grapes - see Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1198  Hi, i am in northwest Indiana. these are everyone, basement, outside garage.
They squirm around, pretty small about 1/2"long maybe 1 inch,  they swirl up when you touch them.. they move slow. is this a millipede ?
That is indeed a millipede. For the most part, they are completely harmless scavengers on dead/decaying organic matter. Occasionally, some species may be pests on very tender vegetation (such as in greenhouses). As they require a moist environment to thrive, you can reduce populations in and around your home by eliminating unnecessary sources of moisture (leaky pipes, condensation, etc.). Chemical control should not be necessary. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1197.   I live in the Atlanta area.   I fell in love with a house that only problems is this nest in the eve.  Can anyone tell me what it is?  Debbie
This appears to be a nest of a vespid wasp (yellowjackets, hornets). Because of its location so near an attic vent, there is a possibility that some wasps could be setting up housekeeping in the attic as well. If you are considering buying this house, I would suggest having it inspected by a certified pest management technician. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1196  Greetings.  In Staten Island NY I have been bitten every week or so in my apartment bedroom.  The bites are on exposed hands and forearms (apparently not in the bedding) – red weals with a hard knot.  They take a long time to come up (~12 hours) and a long time to subside (~4 days).  The only thing I’ve caught on sticky pads is Isopods / Sow Bugs.  But this (about .25cm) crawled out of the filter of my floor air purifier.  Any ideas?  Is this my biter?  Or what? Thanks! Nicholas

Although this could be a biting fly, the photo is too fuzzy to make a determination. If no one else monitoring this site can provide an identification, I suggest that you take the specimen to your county office of Cornell University’s Cooperative Extension service for assistance. See for contact information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV

1195 Hello,  My name is Kristy and I live in North Alabama. We have these little flying creatures all over our house. We starting seeing them in the last 2 years and have no idea what they are. They are black with red markings. They have 6 legs and when they fly they look all red. They tend to bunch up together in corners this time of year, I guess they are trying to stay warm.  Please help me identify. Thanks,  Kristy
  This is an eastern box elder bug (Boisea trivittata; Hemiptera: Rhopalidae). They seldom cause any real damage, feeding primarily on the developing seeds, young leaves and stems of box elder trees (Acer negundo). They usually cause homeowners concern when the aggregate in the autumn prior to hibernation. To them, a house or shed looks just as cozy as a pile of rocks or other natural shelter in which to spend the winter! See for hints as to how to make your house and yard less attractive to them. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1194  please help!!  just looking for some info on these little critters. find them everywhere. cupboards, bed, shower, floor, just wondering how they likely get in, and how to get rid of them. We live in central Alberta, in Leduc.  they are very tiny, photo was taken on a piece of standard lined paper. any information you could offer would be most helpful.  Darren
  Hard to tell from the photo provided, but it does bear some resemblance to beetles in the genus Tribolium (confused and red flour beetles; Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). These can become very common pantry pests, feeding on a wide variety of stored foodstuffs, including grains, beans, dried fruits, nuts, and chocolate. See  for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations for these and other pantry pests. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1193  I went through several of your caterpillar pages but didn't see anything like this.
I live in Missouri (near Ft Leonard Wood). And this caterpillar was found on our picnic table in the front yard. The date found is shown on the pictures. The pictures are pretty grainy because they were originally taken with a video camera 10 years ago then (with the use of WebTV) I captured freeze frames of it, so I could send to you for identification. I don't recall the actual size of this thing and wish I had place a quarter beside it for reference......but if memory serves me right I think it was approximately an inch and a half in length?
  This appears to be a stinging rose caterpillar, Parasa indetermina (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae); see and for images of a larva and adult, respectively. In addition to roses, they also will feed on dogwood, apple, cherry, bayberry, hickory, maple, poplar, and oak. The spines on the yellow protuberances have basal venom glands, and the venom can cause a painful and irritating skin rash. Note that the background coloration of these caterpillars can be quite variable; not all specimens will look like the image cited. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1192  We live outside of Grande Prairie Alberta, Canada and our house is pretty much infested with these tiny moths.  They are on the walls in almost every room - mostly the main floor but there are some in the basement and upstairs as well. How DO we get rid of them?? They are outstaying their welcome!   Thank you, P. Abbott.
Although this moth does not appear to be a household pest species, it might not hurt to examine dry foodstuffs in your pantry for any sign of insect presence/damage. Also examine any wild flowers/plants recently brought into the house. Unless an expert in this group of moths recognizes it from the photo, it likely would require examination of the wing venation and genetalia for proper determination. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
Indian meal moths can live from 1 month up to 10 months depending on the temperature. The moths go through a complete metamorphosis from egg, to larva, to pupa, and finally adult. The larva that hatch from the eggs may take months to hatch depending on the weather. Indian meal moth larva are able to chew through many types of packaging, and can enter through very small crevices so it is important to place all food items that are not in heavy duty packaging into Tupperware type containers, glass jars, and you can also refrigerate certain items as well.

You do not have many options at this point other than to find the source of the problem quickly and then to be proactive and thorough in finding the hiding places of the various stages of these moths. Since the adults fly, the eggs that are laid may be anywhere in the structure, but in mild infestations moths are usually not far from the food source. Be sure to check around the ceiling area as they quite often rest, or build their pupa encasements in this area. 
How do I know if I have food moths? Discovering small moths in kitchens or moths in kitchen cupboards may be a sign of a food moth infestation. Although food product moths are pests traditionally associated with food factories, bakeries or commercial foodstores, they are now becoming increasingly common in the home, with people often reporting finding tiny moths in their kitchen and wondering what they can be. Other signs that may suggest food moth activity are maggots in kitchens or on kitchen walls and ceilings. These maggots are actually the larval stage of kitchen moths. There are several types of food product moth: Indian Meal Moths (Plodia interpunctella) are a food moth pest often associated with nuts, dried fruit and grains (Indian Meal = maize). Warehouse Moths (Ephestia elutella) and Tropical Warehouse Moths (Ephestia cautella) are primarily associated with stored cereals, nuts and dried fruit, with the former also favouring cocoa and chocolate. Another less common species is the Mill Moth or Mediterranean Flour Moth (Ephestia kuehniella).
Laurie.  San Antonio, TX

1191  Hi!  I live in San Clemente, California and have found these disgusting bugs in my compost pile.  They are between 1-4 inches long and are fat and white, with small red “legs” except the legs are on top and they crawl like a worm.  When I find them they are curled up like a C.  When I kill them with the shovel, they spurt red fluid.  Please help, I am wondering if they are good bugs or bad bugs!  Scott
These are the larvae (grubs) of beetles in the family Scarabaeidae. Although this very large family includes several pest species (such as the Japanese beetle), your specimens more likely are scavengers on the decaying vegetable matter in the compost pile. Because you mentioned they crawl on their backs, they might be in the genus Cotinus, the adults of which can be pests on fruit such as figs. The larvae, on the other hand may actually be of some benefit in helping digest the compost material. See  for much more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1190  I apologize for the quality of picture, this is the closest I could get. Size: about 2-3 mm
Location: Hawaii.  Habitat: in my pantry, eat everything - they eat rice, beans, flour, chocolate, coffee creamer, etc. THEY ARE EVERYWHERE in my kitchen!!! The only pesticide they react to is COMBAT (little trap with poison inside) for cockroaches.
Please, help! M
These are beetles in the genus Oryzaephilus, either the saw-toothed grain beetle (Oryzaephilus surimanensis) or the merchant grain beetle (Oryzaephilus mercator). Both species can be pantry pests, and preventive/control measures include sanitation (removal of all food items from the pantry area, followed by thorough vacuuming of shelves) and subsequent storage of all infestable items in sealable glass, plastic, or metal containers (we use Tupperwaretm).
See for additional information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1189 Hi, I found about about 40 of these bugs in a condo in Montreal. I found most of the bugs including the lavrae in the kitchen inside drawers and I found the rest dead on several windows. Thanks.
These are beetles in the family Dermestidae (hide/skin/pantry beetles). Their larvae will feed on a very wide variety of organic (predominately proteinaceous) materials, including woolen cloth/carpeting, hair or fur, feathers, leather, cured meats, dead insects, etc. See nos. 1186 and 1153 for other examples, and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1188  Hi. We found these on our floor. Six of them in total. Very active guys. They may have come out from under the base boards just after having our carpets cleaned. We live in South Eastern Ontario, Canada. Thank you  Bob
 These appear to be larvae of a beetle known as the cadelle (Tenebroides mauritanicus; Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae/Ostomidae); see  for an image and for more information, including control recommendations. These larvae will feed on a great variety of grains, as well as on flour, meal, biscuits and bread, vegetables, dried fruits, etc. Upon reaching maturity, they may move quite some distance form their food source before pupating. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1187  i took this picture in the bush in my backyard...  thank you,  ~*MINDY*~
  This is another orb-weaving spider in the genus Argiope, likely Argiope aurantia; see nos. 1185, 1114, and 1113 for other examples.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1186 I found many of these tucked into the folds of discarded clothes that had been sitting for probably several months. This one is one of the larger and it's only about 0.3 cm. I live in Phoenix, Arizona in a very pest-friendly trailer house (LOTS of gaps and holes for insects, etc.) Could it be a bed bug? I've read a little about them, but other than direct transfer, how do they get to a "food source"? I appreciate any help I can get.  Marcella
This is definitely not a bed bug.  It looks like a carpet beetle larva that may have been dining on your woolen clothing.  Read more about carpet beetles.  Bed bugs are smaller than a ladybug and very flat.
This indeed appears to be a carpet beetle larva, likely in the genus Anthrenus. In addition to the link already provided, see for more images and information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1185  Hi I found this beauty on my back shed in Northern Wisconsin. It is about 3 inches long including legs. The body is about 1.5 inches long. Do you have any idea what kind it is? Thanks, Rich
This is an orb-weaving spider in the genus Argiope, likely Argiope aurantia, which goes by several common names, including black and yellow argiope, yellow garden spider, zipper spider, golden orb weaver, and writing spider. They are completely harmless to humans. See  for more images, as well as nos. 1113 and 1114 on this site. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1184 There is some debate among me and my friends about exactly what this is and what we should do with it, My brother claims it is certainly a house spider, One friend claims it is definitely a hobo spider and not a giant house spider because the mouth leg things are rounded/curled at the ends like the hobo spider pics on GIS and not  like "little legs" as in the Giant house spider pics on GIS . I am inclined to agree, those things look similar, and in the wikipedia  pics of the Giant house spider it's got pointy things (web dealys?) coming out of it's abdomen, but the guy here has no such bum-spikery . So is this thing a Friendly house spider or is it the much maligned hobo spider with it's scary if not debatable/improbable necrotic bite? We await your judgement to settle our ever more heated debate and decide the fate of the trapped  spider in a jar in my kitchen.
Although this could be a male hobo spider (Tegenaria agrestis), one cannot be certain without examining the structure of the palps (the leg-like structures with swollen tips) under magnification. See for detailed information on this subject. The spinnerettes on this specimen are not visible because of the angle at which the photo was taken. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1183  Hello, my name is Ashley. I live in Philadelphia, PA outside of the center city by about 10 miles. I see these suckers at least 2 a week. They're in my house usually on the floor, but i did see one or two on the walls and ceiling. Do you know what this is? Thanks.  Ashley
This is a house centipede. They usually are found in damp, dark places, such as under stones, leaf mulch, or logs. Indoors, centipedes may occur in damp areas of basements, closets, or bathrooms, or anywhere in the home where insects occur. During the day they hide in dark cracks and crevices, coming out at night to search for insects to eat. House centipedes are actually beneficial--they capture flies, cockroaches, and other small household pests. They never damage plants or household items. Read more on our
Centipede web page
1182  Hi, This bug was found crawling on a knapsack in our office in Brantford, Ontario. It looks like a spider as the thorax/abdomen seem to be fused, but there are only 6 legs. Any help on what this is would be great. Thanks, Patrick.
This is a nymph of an assassin bug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), such as the masked hunter, Reduvius personatus; see . The nymphs camouflage themselves by ‘gluing’ small bits of debris to their exoskeleton; thus supposedly help them both evade predation and to sneak up on unsuspecting prey. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1181  This insect was found in Montreal. It was found with crates that had arrived from Luanda, Angola I believe it to be some sort of scorpion.  Thanx.  Mark
This is indeed a scorpion, but I cannot be more specific from the photo. Angola has a diverse scorpion fauna, including some species of medical importance. As a rough guide, scorpions having a combination of relatively slender chelae (‘pincers’) and a thick tail (see 41.jpg  and 33.jpg  for examples) are more likely to be dangerously venomous than those having robust chelae (see for an example.) Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1180  Please let me know what kind of bug this is!  Thanks, Angel 
This is a larva of a green lacewing (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). They are predatory on aphids and other soft-bodied insects and thus usually considered beneficial. See  for much more information on thsese insects, and their close relatives, brown lacewings (family Hemerobiidae). Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1179  This was found on the side of our building on November 8th, 2006. We are located near London, Ont. What kind of bug is this. It’s the biggest bug I have ever seen around these parts. We are sure it is not harmful, but we are all very curious as to what it is.  As you can see from the photo it is almost the same height as a typical brick. Jenelle
This is a giant water bug (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae), likely in the genus Lethocerus; see for an image. Sometimes called ‘toe biters’ or ‘electric light bugs,’ they are voracious predators on a wide variety of other aquatic life, primarily insects, but also including tadpoles and small fish. They capture their prey with their raptorial front legs, then using their beak to inject digestive enzymes that liquify the tissues of their prey item. They are strong fliers, often found some distance from water, and seldom fail to attract attention when encountered.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1178  I have two bugs for you to i.d. We live in the Toronto area in Ontario, Canada. The first one was found near our skylight and we have seen many of them in this area. It has a powdery grey back and they range in size from less than a quarter inch to a half inch long. They are pretty fast crawlers and can hang onto the ceilings or walls quite well as we tried to vacuum them and we were not able to until they started to run.
The second bug was found on our kitchen floor and we have seen them outside of our house in the front walkway or backyard patio. They also range in size, the picture here is about half an inch long. These are able to curl into a ball and has a hard exterior shell.   Kevin
The photo on the left is a firebrat or silverfish. There is not enough detail to tell the difference. See this web page for details. Silverfish.    The photo on the right is a common pill bugs, so named because of their ability to roll up into a round pill like shape.  Read more about pill bugs.
1177  This was found in Toronto. Do you think it is a long horned beetle? Your answer will be appreciated.  Ken Horton
This is a leaf-footed bug (Hemiptera: Coreidaae), such as the western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis; see ). This species often enters homes in the autumn in search of hibernation sites. Several other examples can be found on this site, including nos. 1152, 1141, 1127, and 1101. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1176 We live in Mississauga, ONT. We found this bug in my brothers bedroom crawling around on the ground. There was a ton of them. And by a ton, I mean like 40ish. Would love to know if anyone knows what these things are. Thanks,  - Dave
This could be one of the grain/seed-infesting weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the genus Sitophilus. There are three cosmopolitan species in this genus that can attack a wide variety of seeds/grains, including rice, maize, wheat, rye, millet, etc.
See  for a fact sheet that includes images of these weevils as well as several other pantry pests. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1175 Hi, I'm from Ajax, Ontario and I need help identifying this spider. I took a picture of it in my backyard and haven't seen anything like it.  Trevor McCorquodale.  Pickering Ontario,
This is long-jawed orbweaver (family Tetragnathidae) so named because of their oversized (in relation to body size) chelicerae.
See for a representative species. Several species have a tendency to make their webs over water, capturing emerging small aquatic insects such as mosquitoes. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1174  I found this spider just a few days ago in my basement in Calgary, AB. I want to know what kind it is and if I should be worried about a spider this big. This is the third one that I've killed how many more could there be?  Stacey,  Calgary, AB
Although the spinnerettes are not visible in the photo, this appears to be a funnel web/grass spider in the genus Tegenaria rather than a wolf spider. These spiders, especially the males, often are found wandering some distance from their web. They are harmless to humans, but large specimens are capable of delivering a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1173   Some insect must be responsible for these stalactites protruding down from our ceiling. We live in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. There are about ten of these things hanging down within about a two foot square. They very in length from 1mm to 5 Centimeters. Any ideas? Richard Andrew
As these could be tubes constructed by termites, you may wish to have your home inspected by a certified pest management technician.
See for a starting point.
Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
This is a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), but the photo is too fuzzy to be more specific. However, it is not a threat to either your house, its contents, or your health. Weevils such as this one often are accidental intruders in homes, and can be safely picked up and evicted. See nos. 989 and 949 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
It looks like a type of weevil....probably just lumbering through, on his way to somewhere else, and ran into some hair on the way (these fellows never go around anything, they just lumber on through, la la la)....harmless, won't bite, won't hurt kids or animals, doesn't carry disease, etc.  
1171  This insect was found on our bed and on our ceiling in the hallway.  Niagara Falls, Canada.  Grant
 This could be a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae); but to be sure, a few more images showing side and ventral views would be helpful. At initial glance, it does not appear to be a significant pest species, but again, more images would help. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
This i
s the caterpillar of a giant leopard moth, here is the actual picture you submitted:
and here is some more information:       David.
1170  Hi.  We live in New England in the US.  I am not sure if the photo I will insert is of a "pest," but it is something we need to identify with limited information for a school extra credit assignment.  This creature was found in Bridgewater, Massachusetts in a grassy area near a field.  If you would be so kind as to help us determine its name, we will take it from there and look up the rest of the info we need to know.  This is for two sixth graders who have been given too little information for this assignment.  Other info we know about this creature is that it is not a woolly bear; it is bigger and black.  The photo is attached because I was having difficulty sending it any other way.  Thanks so much for any input you can provide.  Respectfully,  Mom of two sixth graders
This could be the larva of the giant or great leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia - also found as Ecpantheria scribonia; Lepidoptera: Arctiidae); see for an image of a larva and for an adult moth. To be more certain, check to see if the caterpillars ‘skin’ has reddish rings hidden under its stiff black hairs; these usually are visible when the caterpillar stretches out - see,_Tallahassee,_200305.jpg Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1169  Accompanying picture shows a moth... one of many (too many) of this variety cohabitating with us in McLean, Virginia. They appeared en masse this past week. We are uncertain as to whether the timing coincides more with our bringing in the houseplants ... or with several recent political scandals (it DOES look sort of Republican, doesn't it?). We are concerned about what they might be eating ...or planning to eat. So far they haven't gotten into the pantry or figured how to open the fridge. But a similar species recently made a mess of wool clothing in the closet.  Lovely website.  Paul
   This moth appears to be in the family Noctuidae, a very large family that includes several pest species such as armyworms and cutworms. However, none are pantry pests, and it is only the larvae (caterpillars) that cause damage by feeding on plants. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1168  I'm not sure what kind of spider this is, and I want to make sure it's not harmful to me or my pets. I live in Fairdale West Virginia (Southern West Virginia)  I found it crawling on the floor, at around 2:00am. It's November 1st 06. It crawled under the couch in the living room. It approximately the size of an US half dollar. I'm from Wisconsin and not used to big spiders, so hopefully you can help me out because I am very afraid of spiders. Thank You,
Miranda Collins
   This is a large female wolf spider (family Lycosidae). They often enter homes in search of prey, which they actively hunt and run down, having excellent (for spiders) eyesight. They are not aggressive and are harmless to humans, although large specimens are capable of a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1167  Montreal, Quebec.  Photo taken early October; outdoors, on side of house. Several of similar appearance seen all around exterior of house. Size is quite large - for my liking- about the circumference of a looney (as seen, i.e. legs not spread out).  Thanks. Adam 
  This is an orb-weaving spider (family Araneidae); likely in the genus Areneus - see
http:/  This is a very large and widely distributed family, with all species harmless to humans. If you scroll through the pages here, you will see many other examples.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1166  The first picture has a small creature in center about 2/3ds up,  perhaps you can identify and or otherwise tell what is causing this in my crawl space . Thank You for trying.  Soini

The other photos look like a good example of Carpenter ant frass. (they love to chew tunnels in styrofoam insulation)  It is difficult to tell, but the first photo may be a tunnel entrance with an ant slightly visible.   Larry C. 
1165  I live in the Los Angeles area. These critters have been appearing on our tiled den in the morning, especially now, in October-November. They kind of blend in with the grout and so for a long time we didn't realize they were something that was alive-- they kind of looked dull and dead, until we realized they were somehow moving. The picture with the terracotta background is what they normally look like when we find them and they're not disturbed. They're very flat and we couldn't see how they managed to move about. I now suspect they don't like the light too much and so appear "overnight"; that suspicion is also supported by the fact that when I placed one on my countertop and shone a light on it to avoid using the flash, it stuck out this "proboscis"-- - for lack of a better term --see picture with the white background. It then stuck this thing out and seemed to sniff or look around and then used it to sort of propel itself about. I think they move in a different way when undisturbed but am not quite sure how. The termite pest control person couldn't make it out either. Hope someone out there can.  B.G. 
This is a household casebearer, aka "plaster bagworm" (Phereoeca uterella; Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Close relatives of clothes moths, they appear to feed primarily on old spider webs. The ‘proboscis’ actually is the forepart of the caterpillar that inhabits the silken case, which is open at both ends. See  for much more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1164  I have found one of these critters in my apartment, and a couple outside.  It looks like a huge termite to me, but it is larger than any termite I have ever encountered.  Please take a look and let me know what your thoughts may be on this pest.  There is a penny in the picture for size identification.  Todd
   The photo is a bit fuzzy, but this likely is wingless cricket in the family Stenopelmatidae, related to the so-called Jerusalem cricket - see for an image. They would only be inside a house by accident. They primarily are scavengers/root feeders (some also may consume other insects) and usually do not occur in large enough numbers to be economically important. They do have very powerful jaws, and can deliver a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1163   This picture was taken in Petrolia, Ontario, Canada. There was a swarm of them living in the Gravel. (If you look you can see the hole they made in the mud. They look kinda red & seem to be meaner then a average bee. Any help identifying them would be great.
Thanks Krista.
  This appears to be a great golden digger wasp (Sphex ichneumoneus; Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). This species is very widespread in North America, and provisions its burrow with food for its young; prey items can be quite large, such as katydids - see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1162  Hello,  found these on wood floor inside home in North Carolina Mountains.  Wonder if new couch I purchased is contaminated with these creatures.  They were on top of couch also.   Thank you for your most informative site.  Blessings,  Mary S
 These seem to look more like seeds than insects. Larry C.
These are seeds of a grass, but I do not know the specific identity, as many species of grass have seeds of similar appearance with long, hair-like awns. These awns may aid both in seed dispersal by clinging to the hair of animals or clothing of humans, and in germination by keeping the seed in contact with the ground. In some cases, such as wild oats, the awns coil and uncoil in response to changing humidity, literally drilling the seed into the ground. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1161  I would be very happy if someone could identify this for me.  Has a multi- jointed body and is as long as my finger when stretched out.  Curls up when touched.  Thanks!  B. Keene.
 This is a larva (or larviform female) of a beetle in the family Phengodidae. The males are more beetle-like in appearance, but with greatly reduced wing covers and very prominent flabellate antennae (see They feed primarily on millipedes, and in most species, the larvae and females have luminous spots on their bodies, and may be called ‘railroad worms’ or ‘glow-worms.' See no. 1107 for another likely candidate.
Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1160  Every fall we seem to get this moth like insect in our house. We live in Ottawa, Ontario if that helps.  The insect does not fly quickly and when caught it seems to leave a powder residue on the wall. They are likely coming from the basement but we do not store food there other than our second refrigerator.  thanks in advance.  Ezio
 This is one of the better photographs of a moth/drain fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) that I have seen. They are not pantry pests; their larvae can be found in the organic film that builds up in floor drains and the like. Although they are completely harmless, they usually are considered nuisance pests. See no. 1139 for another example, and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
 It looks like a moth fly. Check out the following website. on the left side of the screen scroll down to the fly index, click on it and once you get to the fly index page click on moth fly.
1159  This Bug Was Found crawling on My Kitchen Table in Cochrane Alberta. Would Like to know what it is. Thanks--Willy.
 This is a stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), likely in the genus Banasa -  Bugs in this genus appear to be primarily tree feeders, and not of economic importance.
See bug (1997 RKD Peterson).jpg  for an image.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
Appears to be a stinkbug.  Leave it on the table.  My mother swore they taste terrible (having eaten one hidden on the underside of a blackberry).  Some of the varieties are quite elegant.  Take a look:     Paul
1158  Any Ideas on this one?--Willy in Cochrane Alberta.
This caterpillar is a larva of a moth in the family Noctuidae, such as the fall armyworm - see for an image. Moths in this family can be very common around lights at night. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1157  Hello. I found this bug on the landing outside never seen anything like this ever.  can u help me with this?  Thanking you in Advance. George.  Barrie, Ontario 
   preying mantis -- Allan Morris
This is a praying mantis, a distant relative of grasshoppers and cockroaches. Formerly included in the order Orthoptera, they now are placed either in the order Dictyoptera or Mantodea. Mantids are voracious predators on other arthropods, and thus usually are considered beneficial. This particular specimen is an introduced species, likely the Chinese mantis (Tenodera sinensis; see rearing/mantis.htm for an image). The European mantis (Mantis religiosa; see also can occur in Canada, but the only mantid native to Canada is the agile ground mantid (Litaneutria minor), found in dry grasslands of southern British Columbia - see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1156  I have had these dark worm like insects for the last two years (they seem to have legs?). They cluster in a corner outside my front door and I often find one climbing a wall in my house or on the floor.  They also climb the outside of the house all the time. This is in Whitby ON.  Tamara
The photo is a bit fuzzy, but these could be millipedes, such as the garden millipede; see no. 1112 for another example,   for an image, and  for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1155  This was in my back yard in Elyria, Ohio on October 21st. The temperature was about 50F. There were dozens of these in an apple tree eating rotten apples still in the tree. They all were approximately 1.25" in length. I've never seen a bee or yellow jacket in this area that was this massive. Thank you, Matthew
This is a European hornet, (Vespa crabro; Hymenoptera: Vespidae). A native of Europe, it has become widely distributed in eastern/central North America. Unlike bald-faced hornets and the like, this species does not appear particularly aggressive, and stings are unlikely unless a wasp is actually picked up. See for much more information.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1154  Hello, I live in Lawrenceville, Georgia in the southern US and recently found the insects all over the top of the railings on a deck I just built 5 months ago.  At first I saw the black and orange spiny guys and thought nothing of it.  However I now have hundreds of the little green ones all over the railings.  At first I thought they were spiders until I noticed they only had 6 legs.  Also I learned that as they get bigger, they grow wings.  I used "Gorilla Glue" on the caps ,where the seem to congregate, when it was built.  Are there insects out there that like to eat glue?  Are the green ones offspring of the black and orange ones.  Someone please help with identification and possible extermination ideas.  Thank you, Bryce
The insect in the photo is a larva of a ladybird beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). These beetles are for the most part voracious predators on aphids and other soft-bodied insects. The few exceptions, such as the Mexican bean beetle, have larvae that are entirely different in appearance from yours. Also, although I’m not sure what your "green ones" are, they certainly are not the offspring of the lady beetles, and might even be the aphids that the beetles are feeding upon (see ). Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1153  This bug was found in our 5th floor apartment in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada and is usually found close to our baseboards but is sometimes found in other places. I am thinking it's some kind of beetle larvae?? Although we have never actually seen a beetle in our apartment. Please help identify this bug. Thanks. Christine & Jake
This appears to be a larva of the black carpet beetle, Attagenus piceus (Coleoptera: Dermestidae); see for an image and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1152  I recently found this bug in my home in Torrance, California.  It is about an inch long.  I'm hoping someone can identify it for me.  Thanks,  Brandy
This is a leaf-footed bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae). See nos. 1141, 1127, and 1101 for other examples. Most species are sap feeders, and some species (such as the squash bug) can be quite injurious. Although the photo is too fuzzy to be positive, it does resemble the western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis; see ). This species often enters homes in the autumn in search of hibernation sites. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1151   I found these bugs in my wood pile long with wood shavings.  We live in Oakville ON.  They look like pill/sowbugs but they are not suppose to eat wood!!!  Jess
  The 2 protruding appendages on the rear indicate they are sowbugs. They can not chew on healthy wood but are often found in soft wet wood that termites have chewed. 
1150  This spider was found in Petrolia, Ontario, Canada. The pipe the spider is on has a four inch inside diametre no one i know knows what it is thanks for help Krista
 This appears to be a large wolf spider (family Lycosidae). About the only other spiders of that size and general appearance in your area are the fishing/dock/nursery-web spiders in the family Pisauridae, but their eyes are less prominent, and their legs tend to be longer in relation to their body size. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1149  I live in Markham, Ontario and recently I found these bugs in my basement.  These bugs do fly but they seem to prefer to walk across surfaces.  I see a couple that swarm around my ceiling light but not many.  There's quite a few of them crawling on my carpet, and they crawl up to my table.  I went to vacuum them up and they just seem to re-appear after a few minutes.  When you blow on them or touch them they roll up and play dead.  I've never seen these bugs in my basement before.  Does anyone know what this is?  And where are the coming from?  ...and how to kill them? Thanks,  Franklin
These appear to be bean/seed weevils (Coleoptera: Bruchidae; aka Mylabridae); see no. 1135 for another example. Their larvae develop in legume seeds, including beans, peas, and lentils, and the adults often are found on flowers. See for an image and  for typical damage. If you have any legume seeds stored in your house, you should inspect them for any sign of these insects or their characteristic damage. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1148  Hi- I am in Yonkers, New York and live in a single family home.  From late spring to early fall, my basement is infested by these six legged jumping insects.  I realize that I am in the U.S. and perhaps you don't have these bugs in Canada (and you are so very lucky if that is the case), but I thought I'd give it a try.  Oh, I don't know if this helps any, but they don't seem to mind water.  And I often find them in the utility sink.  K
This is a cave/camel cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllacrididae, subfamily Rhaphidophorinae). Usually found in dark, moist environments (such as basements and caves), they use their very long antennae to find their way about in the dark. See no. 1130 for another example. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1147  My husband found this bug on his car window. It was not alive. We live I Traverse City Mich. He works about 25 mile west near a river. Not sure when or where the bug came from. The bug is about 1/4 inch. has fur, big eyes, frog like legs and the antennas are very long. Just what is this little guy? Sue  and  Bobe
This is the head and prothorax of a moth that met an untimely end by colliding with your car. Unfortunately, I cannot tell any more from these remains. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1146 What is this spider?  Adam W Reed
This spider is in the family Theridiidae (cobweb/comb-footed spiders); likely in the genus Latrodectus, such as the western black widow (L. hesperus; see ). False black widow/cupboard spiders in the genus Steatoda are similar in overall appearance, but females in this genus usually have a prominent pale transverse band near the front of the abdomen, and no such marking is visible in the photo. Bites from Steatoda can be painful, and bites from at least one species in this genus (S. grossa in Australia) may require medical attention. As a small child, I received a very painful bite from one of these spiders (likely S. borealis) that left a lasting impression. It was a long time before I picked up another spider! Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1145 Hello there!  Compliments on the site, it’s very interesting & informative!  I have just returned home from a vacation in Orlando, Florida.  During our stay there, we had a very interesting visitor one morning.  This very large, beautiful insect was on the screen of our pool enclosure.  It only appeared the one morning, and didn’t appear to be very frightened of attention.  I couldn’t see if it had wings or not.  Can anyone please identify it for me?  Thanks!  Sincerely, M Payne, Williams Lake, BC, Canada
This is a female walking stick (Orthoptera: Phasmidae); specifically, it appears to be a two-striped walking stick (Anisomorpha buprestoides), the commonest member of this family in Florida. It also goes by many other common names, including "musk mare" from its capability of "squirting a strong-smelling defensive spray that is painfully irritating to the eyes and mucous membranes" - see Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove,WV.


This is a larva of a beetle, and although I am unsure of its identity, it does not appear to be anything that would be a structural pest. The overall shape appears consistent with the family Carabidae (ground beetles), but there are other families as well having similarly shaped larvae. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.

1143  My Pre-teen "Drama-Princess" called me up to see this "something" her words,  next to one of our house plant (small leaf-fern). She sounded  as if was about to attack by the  25 mm. bug . However, when my 7 years old saw it, he felt in love with and wanted to keep it.  Ronalt
This is a bug in the family Pentatomidae, known collectively as stink bugs. Most species are sap feeders and some like the harlequin bug and the southern green stink bug can be of economic importance, but a few are predaceous on other arthropods. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1142  We live in Hamilton, ON.  This 2.5 inch long worm like bug was in the ground with its tail like end sticking out was found October 15th, 2006. Can you help me identify it? Thanks Tammy
This is a pupa of a large sphinx moth (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae), such as the tomato/tobacco hornworms; see for an image. The object is a sheath protecting the developing proboscis of the moth. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1141  Hi.  I live south of Boston, MA USA and over the last few weeks have been finding these guys in various places on the outside of my house usually between the storm window and the actual double hung window.  Does anyone know what these are and if they are harmful to my house? - Thanks!  -jb
This is a leaf-footed bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae). They are not structural pests, but are for the most part sap feeders, and some species (such as the squash bug) can be quite injurious. Also, some species, such as the western conifer seed bug, often enter homes in the autumn in search of hibernation sites. See nos. 1127 and 1101 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1140  I live in Kingman, AZ. We have many of these spiders, we came across your site and thought you could help identify.  Thanks!  Lisa D
This is a giant crab spider (family Sparassidae; formerly Heteropodidae), likely in the genus Olios. Also known as huntsman spiders, they are harmless to humans, but large specimens reportedly can deliver a painful bite if mishandled.. See  for more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1139  Hi there, I live in Ajax, Ontario, and need some help with a couple of IDs.  These flying things were quite common, particularly in our bathroom for a month or so in the summer.  They disappeared but are now starting to show up again albeit in much fewer numbers.  I love their neat swept-back wings but really don't want them in the house in any great number.  Can you tell me what they are and where they might be coming from?  thanks, Victoria
This is a moth fly (Diptera: Psychodidae). Sometimes known as drain flies or filter flies, their larvae can be found in the organic film that builds up in floor drains and the like. Although they are completely harmless, they are considered nuisance pests. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations.Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1138  I live in downtown Toronto and have seen these truly ugly bugs scurry across the floor and up walls at extremely quick speed. They seem to have amazing eyesight and have totally creeped out everyone who has come across them. The bug in the picture has a body about 1" long and seems to be found walking up walls indoors for the most part. Thanks for any help...Stew
This a house centipede (Scutigera coleoptrata), a cosmopolitan species commonly found indoors. They are voracious predators on other small arthropods, and generally considered harmless to humans, although large specimens are capable of inflicting a quite painful bite if mishandled. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1137  The location is Dumfries, Virginia, 30 miles south of Washington, DC.  We discovered this specimen (approx. 4-1/2 in. long w/a 2 inch body) on the outside of our house at 3PM on Sunday, Oct. 8, 2006.  Any ID info would be helpful.  Thank you.  Martin Mooney

This is another large crane fly (Diptera: Tipulidae). See nos. 1123 & 1128 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.

  1136. I am not sure what type of Bee this is or if it is a bee.  I have been overwhelmed by all the pictures on the internet, and can't tell if this is a bee or a type of Wasp.  I would really appreciate some help on this one.  I have found swarms of what seems like a hundred of these all over the roof area of our new house.  I noticed them only when the sun is shining on the rear of the house.  I can't pinpoint where they seem to be coming out of.  It almost seems as though they are in all the ridge vents but again they just seem to swarm around out side.  We are in the finger lakes region of NY and these pictures were taken on 10-8-06.  Thanks for any info.
 This is a vespid wasp, likely a paper wasp in the genus Polistes; see for an image. It also resembles a potter wasp in the subfamily Eumeninae; see for an image. However, Eumeninine wasps are solitary in habit, and the ‘swarming’ noted would be out of character for them. Nests of Polistes spp. tend to be smaller than those of hornets/yellowjackets, and usually are constructed in a protected space, such as under eaves or in poorly sealed buildings such as sheds, etc. The wasps themselves usually are less aggressive than hornets or yellowjackets, but they may become more aggressive late in the season. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1135 I live about 20 miles south of Portland, Oregon. These NASTY little bugs are in my one level duplex. About six or seven months ago, I brought in a couple of plumes from my English Lavender plant and laid them in my bathroom.
Although this infestation may be completely unrelated, they did seem to appear shortly there after. They WERE just in the bathroom, but now have ventured out into the rest of our home. They like light however, I have a large closet in our hallway that we keep our cats litter box in, and is usually very dark, and there are hundreds of them on the floor (linoleum), some dead, some alive. . They "hop" and fly, but not too far in distance. They seem to mostly stay on the walls and ceiling however, they do come down to our level frequently. They are hard to kill, and (as gross as it is) they "crunch" when squished. The two here that I have scanned have been in a Ziploc bag over night in my refrigerator and one of them is still alive! They are multiplying and I cannot find the source! I haven't noticed any bites from them yet, on me or the kids, but don't want them to start! They are disgusting little creatures and I am sick of them. Please, PLEASE, tell me what they are and how to get rid of them!  Thanks so much!  Carla
These appear to small weevils in the family Bruchidae (aka Mylabridae; bean and pea weevils); see for an image of a bean weevil and for a lentil weevil. Their larvae develop in legume seeds, including beans, peas, and lentils, and the adults often are found on flowers. Although some may have been on the lavender flowers, because you report finding so many, you might search your premises for any infestible seeds. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations.Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1134  I suspect this is a sphinx moth having seen similar pics on the site. Took this picture a while ago and it is one of my favorites. It hung out on our screen door for a couple of days, left and came back a couple days later. Can you confirm my suspicion?  Mark.  Ottawa, Ontario
This is indeed a sphinx moth; specifically, it appears to be a blinded sphinx (Paonias excaecatus), a species widely distributed in southern Canada and the United States. See for much more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
 For the strange moth, picture 1134, they are harmless. I had one at my house in Michigan and they simply hang around. I ended up taking it in my house because it couldn't fly very well, and I put it in a pretty large cage, not big enough to get out and I put a sock in there. It ended up laying little green eggs all over the sock. they are round and tiny so watch out for them. I had put to sock outside before I knew for sure if they were eggs, and left it there, fearing the hatching of them in my house. Little tiny green catapillars ended up coming out. Few survived though because the sock was wet from rain. -Elis
1133  I live in Saskatchewan (near Prince Albert) and have seen the following insect in my yard and in my house just recently.  It seems like they come in the fall (I had them show up this time last year as well) and they also seem to like the sunshine or heat because they start "coming out" when its later in the afternoon.  They fly but I usually find them crawling, and seem to be in large numbers.  I hope someone can tell me what they are- they look gross.  I did notice them last fall at a friend's house in Chetwynd, B.C. as well.  I'm quite certain it was the same bug.  Thanks for you help!  Amber
This is another rove beetle (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) - see no. 1132. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1132   I live in rural Saskatchewan.  I have these thin black and orange bugs all over my house.  They are about 3/4 of a cm long.  They have an orange strip between their front and back legs.  I find them in my bathtub, kitchen sink, and all over the house on the floor.  I recently saw one fly, though they don't fly often!  Does anyone know what these are?  They are not an earwig!
This is a rove beetle (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), they are general predators on other small arthropods. They frequently are found in or around decaying organic matter (including dung and carrion) where they find much of their prey. For the most part, they are harmless to humans, although some larger species can give a painful nip if mishandled, and some tropical species can cause eye irritation via a chemical secretion - see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1131  Hello, hundreds of these bugs are totally infesting our basement. We've had moisture problems for the last several months and very recently corrected that. There is still some slight dampness. We live in the mid-west U.S, Iowa on a farm. I have sprayed bug spray all over several times but still end up with glue traps stock-full of these critters within a few days. Their legs are long and thin however they move quite fast. Any info on these would be much appreciated, thanks! 
This is a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae), possibly in the genus Galeritula; see  for an image. These beetles are general predators on other small arthropods, and will do no damage to anything in your basement. If you can eliminate the other critters that they are feeding on, they will not stick around. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1130  Please help me identify these pests.  I have just built a new shed and I am infested with them.  They are large and jump!  I live in the United States on Long Island, NY.  I know you guys are the only ones that can help. Thanks,. Lori Allocca
These are relatives of grasshoppers and crickets in the family Gryllacrididae, subfamily Rhaphidophorinae (some authorities have raised this to family status). Commonly called cave crickets or camel crickets, they most commonly found in dark, moist environments such as wells, hollow/rotten logs or trees, stumps, or under cover such as damp leaves, stones, boards, logs, etc. They can be nuisances when found indoors, but seldom cause any real damage. Control should begin with cleaning up as much potential harborage in the vicinity of the shed as possible, then keeping the shed interior as dry as possible as well as sealing up potential points of entry. If necessary, a barrier treatment with a pesticide such as Sevin may be applied to the ground surrounding the shed. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1129  Hi,  I saw this nasty beetle and it's friend the moth in West Texas at night recently, is that a ground beetle, and who is its friend? Thanks,  Oliver (Dallas)
 The beetle is a large ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Species such as yours are general predators on other small arthropods, and although as such usually considered beneficial, most homeowners consider them a nuisance indoors. You may be interested in Texas Cooperative Extension Publication E-185 "Predaceous Ground Beetles" - see The moth could be an owlet moth (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
This is a ground beetle of the genus Chalosoma. They are very efficient predators of caterpillars.
Dr. Martin Hauser, Plant Pest Diagnostics, California Department of Food & Agriculture.
 This is a crane fly (Diptera: Tipulidae). Sometimes mistaken for giant mosquitoes, they are completely harmless to humans. See no. 1123 for another example. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1127 Hello there.  I live in Vancouver BC, Canada.  I found this 2.5 cm large dude just hanging out on the top of a box that I had out in a room.  I'm really afraid it's a cockroach, but it doesn't have any visible cerci in the rear, he moves rather slowly.  Please help,  I really want to know if I'm going to have a cockroach problem in the future. Benjamin
My friend lives in Kelowna - I visited his house there and I'm sure I have seen this bug before - a Stink Bug is what they're called, and I've been told that they might smell like almonds? That last part sounds crazy - but I have heard that from more than one person. Sherri
This is a western conifer seed bug.  There are many up in the Okanagan area of BC.  They have a distinctive fruity smell when disturbed and are called stink bugs in this area.  Definitely not a cockroach. Not destructive either, just annoying. John
#1127 looks just like #1101 to me. #1101 was identified by Ed Saugstad as a leaf-footed bug (Hemiptera:
Coreidae), possibly the western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis) I live in Ottawa, Ontario Canada and found about 10-15 of these in my shed. Then I found them identified on your site. Good site. Thanks for your help.
This is a leaf-footed bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) and not a cockroach. It bears a close resemblance to the western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis; These bugs often enter homes in the autumn in search of hibernating sites. See Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1126  Can you please tell me what kind of bug this is??  I live in Charleston, South Carolina and I find them in and around my kitchen sink.  They are black with a light band near the head.  The picture is misleading as to the size.  They are actually only about 1/8th of an inch long.  No matter how much I spray and kill them, there’s always one or two more the next day.  They are driving me crazy! Thank you, Kathleen Bryson
This appears to be a nymph of a brown-banded cockroach (Supella longipalpa). See  for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1125  I took this  picture (attached) the other day. I am not familiar with this area. Just want to identify what kind of spider it is ?  Thank you,  Qingsheng Kang (Mr.) From Beijing, China.
This an orb-weaving spider (family Araneidae); this is a very large and widely distributed family, with all species harmless to humans. If you scroll through the pages here, you will see many other examples, including nos. 1122, 1121, 1120, 1115, 1114, 1113, and 1106. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1124  Can you help me identify this insect? This insect was found on my car windshield. It stayed for at least half an hour. The insect is about 1.5 inches in length. The close up photos shows its body very closely resembles leaves. Thanks!  Calin Yuan, San Jose CA
  This is a false katydid (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae; subfamily Phaneropterinae). Like the true katydids, they have a very distinctive ‘song,’ usually heard in the evening or at night. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1123  Hello, I live north of Minneapolis on the swampy lowlands of the Mississippi's ancient path. Visits from nature's creatures are abundant, frequent, and welcomed here where we & they enjoy the sanctuary of scruffy woods, grass and ponds.. This flying creature, however, has only been seen twice; once this spring and now in the approaching fall. Attached and motionless, to the shady north side of the fence or bldg, it appears harmless and not hungry. It's 3-3/4" from toe to toe of the 6 daddy-type long-legs. The laid-back bi-wings have a brownish translucency.  After the frustrations of DIY identification, I'm thrilled to have found this fascinating site. I've searched a few hundred of your photos and have put names to many visitors ie., crane flies, stone flies, etc. and am intrigued by similarities of # 999. I surely trust your entomologist  viewers can assist, as I don't have a clue. thank-you kindly, in advance, Al
  This is a large crane fly (Diptera: Tipulidae). The adults are harmless as are the great majority of their larvae (sometimes called ‘leatherjackets’). Their larvae mostly are scavengers on decaying organic matter, but a few species may become pests on the roots of grass and other plants; see   Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1122  We recently discovered this spider living on the edge of the cover over the dog pen. We have lived on our property in Southern Oregon USA for four years and have never seen anything like this!  We are curious what it is, and wondering if it could be harmful to the pets or ourselves. It is about 1/2-3/4 inch across (about the same either direction) the black spot is on the underside. It has four small "holes" on the upper side and something that looks like a small horn.  The legs are striped, nearly clear and red-orange.  Thanks.  Wendy
   This is an orb-weaving spider (family Araneidae); see nos. 1121, 1120, 1115, 1114, 1113, and 1106 for other examples. One species is known as the cat-face (or faced) spider because of the fancied resemblance of the dorsal abdomen to a cat face - see The ‘holes’ mark invaginations (infolding) of the spider’s integument; these structures help provide internal sites for muscle attachment as well as some rigidity. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1121 I found this spider outside my back door today. I live in Stettler Alberta and have never seen anything like it before. I was wondering what kind of spider it is and if it bites or is harmless. Thank you, Kim
 This is an orb-weaving spider (family Araneidae); see nos. 1122, 1120, 1115, 1114, 1113, and 1106 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1120 Hi there,  I am enclosing a few pictures of a spider found at my parents' home in Southwestern Ontario.   It is pictured here on their garage; September of this year.  For comparative means, the leaf below the spider is that of an iris plant.  It has a very distinct marking on the body; looks like a smiley face to anyone who has seen the picture.  With the hopes that someone can identify this 'little' guy so that my Dad can put his wallet picture to rest....   : )    Thank you kindly!
  This is another orb-weaving spider (family Araneidae), a very large and widely distributed family. They are all harmless to humans. See nos. 1122, 1121, 1115, 1114, 1113, and 1106 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1119 I live in rural (Ma-Me-O Beach), Alberta.  For the last three years, I've seen these maybe once or twice a year inside our house.  It is approximately 0.5cm from pincer tip to end and 0.25cm across the widest part of its body.  Can anyone tell me that this is? Thank you! Kay
This is a pseudoscorpion (Arachnida: Chelonethida/Pseudoscorpionida). They are harmless (to humans) non-venomous predators on other small arthropods. See nos. 1083 and 1072 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1118  The first  photo of insect found on tree bark on Sept 28. 
Second photo insect found on flowers several times around August 8.  All from Ottawa area.  Thank you.  Dave Sangster
The insect on bark appears to be a larval firefly (Coleoptera: Lampyridae). Sometimes called glowworms, they are predaceous on other small arthropods. Like the adults, larval fireflies can give off a cold light. The insect on the flower is an ambush bug (Hemiptera: Phymatidae). They are ambush predators, relying on their colouration and body shape to avoid detection by potential prey. They capture their prey with their raptorial front legs, somewhat like a miniature preying mantis.
Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
#1117  Please can you identify the insects shown in the two photos, we seem to have hundreds of them around trees in our garden, and some keep showing up on the house siding, we live in Jarvis, Ontario, thanks for your help, Malcolm George
 Those are box elder bugs, true hemiptera. These fellers feed on box elder trees and other trees in the elder family (like maple). They don't try to infiltrate your home, but often times meander in by mistake and are unable to get out again. Unfortunately, there are really no good chemical control measures. All the literature I've found cautions you to avoid wasting your money on insecticides and exterminators as neither will likely solve the problem. The best way to fight them is with the vacuum cleaner. My grandmother would give any child who was underfoot for too long a glass of soapy water and instruct him to walk around the house collecting the critters. As some consolation, these bugs don't bite, don't sting, and likely won't cause any damage to your property. They may provide however, a useful pastime for your children if need be....  Ann.
The black and red bug is called a box elder bug. To kill them mix 3-4% soap with water. Harmless to home and they don't bite. They leave in the spring and come back in the fall.  Brian
1116  I live in Victoria, BC Canada and have been finding a few of these around my house lately. I found this one half way up a curtain, and another one, even bigger, running across my living room carpet. It is brown in colour and the one in the picture has a leg span of almost 3 inches. Lori
  This is a male spider in the family Agelenidae (funnel web/grass spiders); likely in the genus Tegenaria. The males often wander far from any web in search of mates. See no. 1069 for another example. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1115  Hello, i live in Langdon Alberta, and would like some help with this spider.
This is another orb-weaving spider, possibly in the genus Araneus – see no. 1106 for another example. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1114  After spending the past hour educating myself at your website, you've definitely joined my list of favorites!  Perhaps someone could help identify my friend that moved onto the weeds outside my barn door a couple of weeks ago and set up its web.  Its leg span is a little over 2" with a body about 3/4" long.  I live in northern New Jersey, USA and have no objection to sharing my property with it as long as its not a threat to my children or dogs.  Many thanks!  Bob Harris, Certified Animal Control Officer
I’m not an entomologist, but we have these spiders (1114 and 1113) too and I found them on the internet.  I believe they are argiope aurantia, not poisonous or aggressive.  Check out this webpage for more information: in NJ
Another black and yellow argiope; see no. 1113.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1113  Hope these are close enough shots to be useful. I found this colorful and large lady in my tomatoes this summer, and wondered what type of spider she may be? Never saw one like this before. I live in Truro, Nova Scotia. The spider's body was about 1/2 inch long, whole thing with legs maybe 2 inches total length. Her web was the orb type, beautifully done. cheers, Julia H.

This is a black and yellow argiope, Argiope aurantia; sometimes called golden orb weavers or black and golden garden spiders - see for images and more information. These spiders usually become noticed in late summer/early autumn as they approach maturity. They will die shortly, and only the eggs survive over winter. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV

1112  We found these worms/caterpiller type bugs in our office, and have been creeped out because there are hundreds of them! these are the biggest ones we found, but most as smaller and white in colour - they are found mostly near walls, but not near windows, and the small ones are quite tiny and you wouldn't notice them unless you really looked.  We thought they might have been brought in with the new office plants, but most aren't found close to the plants.  Can you identify? There are so many, and the cleaners tried to vacuum them up and are having the office rugs steam cleaned - but some came back after having the office cleaned.  Calgary, AB
Cute photo. These look like centipedes.  I would guess the office is at ground level on a cement slab. They probably found a way into the lower walls and are entering around the baseboards.  Bark mulch or other moisture holding material around the building provided a nesting site during the summer.  This invasion should only last a few days but steam cleaning the carpets my encourage more to come in for the moisture.
Pretty sure these are not centipedes, and hoping Ed or another of the resident entomologists will weigh in.  But how on earth did you get them to spell WORMS?  Pat in NJ.
These are millipedes, such as the garden millipede (Oxidus gracilus; see  for an image). They are frequent invaders in buildings, but usually are just nuisance pests. See  for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1111   Hornet nest found in front of mail boxes at my Apartment complex. I was stung before I was aware that they were there.  Excruciating pain, I was stung on my neck. Robyn , Tampa, FL.
   Hard to say what species these are, but because of the nest structure, they more likely are sphecid rather than vespid wasps. Although as a general rule specids are less aggressive than vespids (which include so-called ‘yellow jackets’ and hornets), they certainly are capable of painful stings. If the nest location is too close for your comfort, the wasps may be controlled with an off-the shelf aerosol formulation, and then the nest removed and the attachment site scraped and scrubbed to remove any chemical trace that might attract other wasps to the same site. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1110  Please identify.  This small spider (<1cm) came in a plastic container of small tomatoes. Became active when moved from fridge to counter top. Thanks,  Dr Patrick  M., McMaster University
   This could be an immature sac spider (family Clubionidae; see for an image). Some sac spiders have been implicated in causing necrotic, slow-healing bites.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1109  This bug is very fragile and is getting swashed on my building, fences, vehicles and leaving a red stain. I have lived on this property in Maple Ridge, British Columbia for 6 years and this is the first time we have seen this bug, we first noticed them in our weeping willow tree about a month ago now there are thousands that come down from the trees and they don't fly, please help as they are leaving red stains on everything they touch. The pipe in the picture that these bugs are on is 1 1/2"  Michelle
    These are aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae), but I cannot be certain of the species. They should be susceptible to just about any garden pesticide registered for homeowner use, and if the tree is small enough, they can simply be washed off with a strong stream of water.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1108  Great site! I saw this last year on a sidewalk here in Kanata (Ottawa), Ontario. It's unlike anything I've ever seen before. It looks similar to the Tomato/Tobacco Hornworm you described in posting 1061, but doesn't have the same markings. It was about five inches long.  Paul
  Please bear in mind that there can be considerable individual variation in appearance within the same species and that there are several species of sphinx moth larvae that can have a background colour and pattern of lateral markings similar to your specimen. That aside, the size of your specimen pretty much limits the possibilities to the tobacco sphinx (Manduca sexta;), the great ash sphinx (Sphinx chersis; see, or the waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa; see   Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1107  I live in Chicago and found this pest in the laundry room. It is about 1.5 inches long.  When touched it curls up.  I suspect it is the larva of some beetle.  P.K.
This does appear to be a beetle larva with at least a superficial resemblance to those in the family Phengodidae. If it is, you should note some luminous spots (similar to a firefly’s glow) when placed in the dark. Phenogodid larvae feed on millepedes, and generally are not considered pests. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1106  Sorry the pictures didn't get through before, but I'd still like an I/D on this one.  Its still in the window trying to stay out of the rain.  Dale Living, Sicamous BC
 This an orb-weaving spider (family Araneidae); such as the cross spider, Araneus diadematus - see . They are harmless to humans. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
This is a common North American Orb Weaver Spider. It is harmless and very common in Sept-Oct throughout the United States and Canada. Please reference  for more information.  Scott S.
1105   I live in Aiken county, South Carolina. I found this insect lunching on my rose blossom just today, September 21.  He is bright green (the flash washed out the green) and eats the blossom and leaves a black tar-like residue. Also, he appears to be alone but apparently has a healthy appetite. Thanks for your help.  Fred Henry
  This appears to be a nymph of a katydid (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae); possibly a bush katydid such as Scudderia spp. see    and Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.   
1104  I found this on my back door, I live in central new york,  not sure what it might be,  it's antennae were moving but it's body really didn't. I 'm not sure if it flew away , fell , or what , but at last check it was gone. Thanks for any input......Tom
Sorry to bother, I found my answer after I sent the first email.. Tortoise beetle. It was on your first page.....great site, and thanks for being there for all of us.  Tom
1103  Place, Ontario (About 50 km outside of Ottawa, Canada's Capital)  Shelly
This a mature dragonfly naiad, perhaps in the family Libellulidae. After completing their development underwater, they exit the water to find a site suitable for the adult to emerge from the naiad’s exoskeleton. Dragonfly naiads are general predators on other aquatic life; see for much more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1102  Hi, After getting bitten up overnight for two nights in a row my wife had me flip the beds and I found these little guys. There were crumbs too as our daughter routinely snacks there. Are these spider beetles? The bites may be true-true and unrelated. (No evidence of bedbugs found) The bugs are in small plastic cups if the size helps. We're in Queens, New York.  Thanks! Ari
Although the image is a bit fuzzy, this well could be a spider beetle (Coleoptera: Ptinidae), such as the American spider beetle (Mezium americanum; see  See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1101  I live in Toronto Canada. Today I found this little guy on the inside of my window. I have no idea how he got in, but I let him out on my balcony table.
I live on the 12th floor. I don't know if he flew or crawled up. This was the best quality digital I took out of 5. He was very slow moving little guy. He didn't seem dangerous at all, but just in case, I didn't touch him. Any ideas?  Jennifer

This is a leaf-footed bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae), possibly the western conifer seed bug (Leptoglossus occidentalis; see They are good flyers, and often enter homes in the autumn in search of hibernating sites. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
This is a western conifer seed bug.  There are many up in the Okanagan area of BC.  They have a distinctive fruity smell when disturbed and are called stink bugs in this area.  Definitely not a cockroach. Not destructive either, just annoying. John


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