Canadian Pest Control for all provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick. Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland  
How to control, get rid of,  eliminate, kill, exterminate, eradicate or manage bed bugs, sow bugs, spiders, wasps, ants, rats, mice and other  pests. Bug identification.

    A close look at pests.

A close look at pests


 Pest Information & Control Solutions

                           Pest professionals directory

Directory of Pest Professionals


Smart advertisers put their money where their mouse is.                                                 Contact us        Privacy policy        Disclaimer notice    


Home Page

Send us your photos for identification

 What is this pest?
Click to enlarge

5000+ Photo I.D.'s
Visit the
pest photo identification pages.

Q & A
Ask the experts.
Recent pest questions

Looking for a career?

employment openings

 Classified Employment  Ads.
For Canadian pest management businesses and job seekers

How to Choose a professional

Find a local professional 

Canada CPMA
Bed Bugs
Bird Control
Controlling pests
Employment ads: Pest Control
Integrated Pest Management.
Organic Pest Solutions
Other Pests
Types of pesticides

Pest control supplies
for consumers

for professionals

for bed bugs

Wasp Traps

West Nile Virus

Web site directory for professionals
Wildlife Control


Please visit our sponsor's web pages:

5 Star Cain Pest Control     Toronto

AAA-Quest Pest Management  Torontoo

ABC Pest Management

Aero Bird Control

Braemar Pest Control
Atlantic Canada

Cal-Rid Exterminators Calgary

Care Pest & Wildlife Control  - Vancouver

Cameron Groupe

Central Extermination

Cranbrook Pest Control
East/West Kootenays, BC

Debbie Expert

Ecopest  Edmonton

Environmental Pest Control
Southern Ontario

Holey-Moley Mole Control Vancouver

Integrated Pest
Supplies Ltd.

Kania traps info

The Pest Detective
Greater Vancouver

Professional Ecological Services Victoria

P.C.S. Gulf Islands
Gulf Islands


If you like this web site please tell others about it.


Pesticide Regulation Information For Canadians. 


Urban Pesticides are Regulated by Health Canada

Only products that pose no unacceptable risks to health and the environment are registered by Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency.

All pest control products used in or imported to Canada are regulated nationally under Health Canada's Pest Control Products Act (PCPA) and Regulations. The PCPA covers pesticides used in public health, urban landscapes and household applications.

Read more about the regulation of pesticides in Canada

Municipal Laws in Canada

Since 1990, when the municipality of Hudson, Quebec passed a by-law restricting the use of cosmetic pesticides on public and private property, pesticides have received considerable media attention in Canada. In 1991, two lawn-care companies challenged the Hudson by-law on the grounds that pesticide use was not within municipal jurisdiction. The court affirmed that municipalities do indeed have the power to pass by-laws regarding pesticide use, so the lawncare companies appealed the ruling. In 2001, the Supreme Court of Canada upheld the municipality’s right to pass the by-law.

Interestingly, although the health effects of pesticides were not argued during the Supreme Court challenge, the judgment implied that this had been an important factor in the Court’s decision .
Since then, many municipalities across Canada, including Toronto and Halifax, have passed by-laws restricting the cosmetic use of pesticides. Cosmetic use of pesticides remains a complicated issue involving arguments about the rights of lawn-care and pesticide companies, property owners’ rights, and increasingly, the health effects of pesticides.


Overview Info Links     


1.1    The regulation of pesticides is a shared responsibility between the two levels of government in Canada. The federal government is responsible for the pre-market approval and registration of pesticides, while the provinces and territories regulate the post-registration sale, use and distribution of the products within their boundaries. Depending on their enabling legislation, municipalities may also play a role in regulating use at the local level.

1.2    The authority for regulating pesticides at the federal level is provided under the Pest Control Products Act. Section 5 of this Act generally prohibits the sale or importation into Canada of any "pest control product" unless the product has been assessed and registered, it conforms to prescribed standards, and it is packaged and labelled in the prescribed manner. Given the broad definition of "pest" and "control product" in section 2 of the Act,2 this general prohibition applies to all manner of pest control products, including fungicides, insecticides, herbicides and antimicrobials such as disinfectants, swimming pool chemicals and wood preservatives. For ease of reference, the more generic term "pesticide" will be used throughout this report, even though the term is not used in the Act.

1.3    The Act is supplemented by the Pest Control Products Regulations. These regulations set out detailed provisions respecting the pre-market assessment and registration of pesticides, the cancellation or suspension of registration certificates and the labeling and packaging requirements. A further set of regulations prescribes the fees to be paid for product assessment and registration, and for maintenance of the registration certificate. These regulations are entitled the Regulations Prescribing the Fees to be Paid for a Pest Control Product Application Examination Service Provided by or on Behalf of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, for a Right or Privilege to Manufacture or Sell a Pest Control Product in Canada and For Establishing a Maximum Residue Limit in Relation to a Pest Control Product.

1.4    The Pest Control Products Act and companion regulations are formally administered by the Minister of Health. The day-to-day operations, however, are carried out by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA). The PMRA was created within Health Canada in April 1995 to consolidate, under a single agency, the resources and responsibilities for pest management regulation at the federal level. Prior to the PMRA's establishment, several federal departments were involved in the decision-making process, namely, Health Canada, Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, whose Minister was responsible for administering the Act. Although no longer involved in the decision-making process, these departments support the work of the PMRA, primarily through research and monitoring activities in their respective fields of expertise.

1.5    In order to register a pesticide for use in Canada, an applicant must submit detailed scientific tests and studies to the PMRA respecting the product's safety and value. Based on this information, the PMRA conducts a risk assessment, which considers the inherent toxicity of the product, the degree to which humans as well as the target and non-target environment may be exposed to it, and the possible harm to human health and the environment that might result. A value assessment is also carried out, which considers whether the use of the product will contribute to pest management and whether the application rates are the lowest possible to effectively control the target pest. It should be noted that the PMRA does not conduct its own tests when assessing a pesticide. Rather, it carries out a scientific review of the test data submitted to it by the applicant. The assessment process is discussed in detail in Chapter 8.

1.6    The PMRA also sets maximum limits for pesticide residues on food, which are promulgated under the Food and Drugs Act. These are termed the "maximum residue limits" or "MRL" for short.

1.7    Provided the prescribed requirements are met, section 13 of the Pest Control Products Regulations requires registration of the pesticide under review. Section 18, however, stipulates that registration must be denied where, among other things, the use of the pesticide would lead to an "unacceptable risk of harm to human health, plants, animals or the environment." What constitutes an "unacceptable risk" is not defined in the Act or the regulations.

1.8    Risk management of registered pesticides is achieved primarily through setting conditions of use. Non-compliance with the conditions of use set out on the product label or with any other condition of registration is a violation of the Act and may lead to a suspension, cancellation, use restrictions or the phasing out of the pesticide.

1.9    The PMRA is responsible for monitoring compliance with the Act. It carries out this function through a network of regional offices and inspectors across the country, in co-operation with provincial and territorial governments and other federal departments. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), on the other hand, is responsible for verifying pesticide residue levels in foods at the point of sale to ensure that they do not exceed the maximum residue limits set by the PMRA. The CFIA is also responsible for inspecting pesticide content in other products, such as animal feed.

1.10    Any person who contravenes a provision of the Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $50,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or both. On conviction by indictment, a fine not exceeding $250,000 may be imposed, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.  

2 The Act defines "pest" to mean "any injurious, noxious or troublesome insect, fungus, bacterial organism, virus, weed, rodent or other plant or animal pest, and includes any injurious, noxious or troublesome organic function of a plant or animal."

The term "control product" is in turn defined to mean "any product, device, organism, substance or thing that is manufactured, represented, sold or used as a means for directly or indirectly controlling, preventing, destroying, mitigating, attracting or repelling any pest and includes

(a) any compound or substance that enhances or modifies or is intended to enhance or modify the physical or chemical characteristics of a control product to which it is added, and

(b) any active ingredient used for the manufacture of a control product."



Links to Pesticide Information on the Web   

Pesticide Product Labels

Search Pesticide Labels online through PMRA's web site.  

Department of Justice Canada

Look up federal Consolidated Statutes and Regulations.  

The Pest Control Products Act and Regulations

Review the federal law that regulates all products used to control pests in Canada.

Pest Management Regulatory Agency

Get information about federal pesticide registrations at PMRA, Health Canada.

Transportation of Dangerous Goods 

Learn information about the transport of pesticides and where to take a Dangerous Goods course.

National Pesticide Information Centre  

Get objective, science-based information about a wide variety of pesticide-related subjects.

Canadian Network of Toxicology Centres (CNTC)

Find research information about environmental and human health from the CNTC based at the University of Guelph.

Pesticide Safety Programs, US EPA Office

Find out information about the pesticide safety programs ongoing at the US EPA Office of Pesticide Programs.

Pesticide & Toxic Chemical News   

Find information about the toxicity of pesticides.



Find the solution to your infestation.

      Bed Bug Control Products and Professional Control Solutions



Pest Control

  Pest Solutions for Canadians
Page Index        
Ant nest photos   
Ask the experts, 
Bee Stings
Box Elder Bugs
Bug Identification
Bushy Tailed Woodrat
Carpenter Ants,
Carpenter ant photos
Carpet Beetles
Canadian Pest Management Association


Canadian Pest Pros.
Choosing a pro,
Classified ads,
Clothes moths
Clover Mites
Controlling pests,
elusionary parasitosis
Employment ads
Finding a Pro
Phorid Flies
Flour Beetles
Get rid of :
Carpenter Ants


Grain beetles
Health Hazards
Home page,
Index page
Indian Meal Moth
I.P.M. ,
Orchard bees
Organic pest solutions
Other pests,
Pantry Pests
Pest health hazards
Pest pro Associations
 Alberta Assoc. 
 British Columbia

Pharaoh Ants
Phorid Flies
Pill Bugs
Powder post beetles,
Questions and answers
Real Estate & Pests,
Rodent clean up
Rodent diseases

Sow Bugs
Stored food pests
Supplies for pest control, 
Wasp Stings
Wasp Traps
West Nile Virus
What is this pest?
Wildlife pests 




Please report any errors or omissions to Webmanager   Your comments, suggestions, ideas are welcome. 
       Some errors on these pages may be intentional, to prove copyright infringement. 
Privacy policy   
Disclaimer notice
Copyright © 2013 [Pest Control Canada]  All rights reserved.
Revised: 01/27/16

Web site by: P.C.S. (Pro-Com Solutions)